Next Article in Journal
Neuropsychological and Neurophysiological Indicators of General and Food-Specific Impulsivity in Children with Overweight and Obesity: A Pilot Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Gut Microbiota, Muscle Mass and Function in Aging: A Focus on Physical Frailty and Sarcopenia
Previous Article in Journal
Proteomic Analysis of Zn Depletion/Repletion in the Hormone-Secreting Thyroid Follicular Cell Line FRTL-5
Open AccessArticle

The Relationship between Dietary Habits and Frailty in Rural Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Cross-Sectional Observation Study Using a Brief Self-Administered Dietary History Questionnaire

1
Division of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8501, Japan
2
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine Sasayama Medical Center, Sasayama, Hyogo 669-2321, Japan
3
Department of General Medicine and Community Health Science, Hyogo College of Medicine Sasayama Medical Center, Sasayama, Hyogo 669-2321, Japan
4
Department of Rehabilitation, Hyogo College of Medicine Sasayama Medical Center, Sasayama, Hyogo 669-2321, Japan
5
School of Rehabilitation, Hyogo University of Health Sciences, Kobe, Hyogo 650-8530, Japan
6
School of Pharmacy, Hyogo University of Health Sciences, Kobe, Hyogo 650-8530, Japan
7
Department of Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(12), 1982; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121982
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 30 November 2018 / Accepted: 12 December 2018 / Published: 14 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frailty: Role of Nutrition and Exercise)
To develop effective nutritional interventions for preventing frailty, the specific problems associated with the dietary habits of individuals based on sex differences must be identified. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary habits and frailty in rural Japanese community-dwelling older adults. We recruited 800 participants, aged 65 and older, who underwent a comprehensive health examination between November 2015 and December 2017. Dietary habits were assessed by a brief self-administered dietary history questionnaire. Frailty was determined using either the Kihon Checklist (KCL) or the Japanese version of the Cardiovascular Health Study (J-CHS). The percentage of frail older adults was 8.4% according to KCL and 4.0% according to J-CHS. Various kinds of nutrient intakes, including three major nutrients, minerals, and vitamins in frail men, according to KCL, were the lowest. By contrast, there were no differences in nutrient intake between the robust, prefrail, and frail female groups according to KCL. We found significant associations of the intakes of soluble dietary fiber, potassium, folate, and vitamin C with a frail status in men (p = 0.035, 0.023. 0.012, and 0.007, respectively), and an association of the intake of vitamin C with a frail status in women (p = 0.027) according to J-CHS. Attention should be paid to the diagnostic criteria of frailty and to sex differences, when nutritional interventions for the prevention of frailty are planned. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary fiber; dietary habit; frailty; mineral; older adults; sex difference; vitamin dietary fiber; dietary habit; frailty; mineral; older adults; sex difference; vitamin
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tamaki, K.; Kusunoki, H.; Tsuji, S.; Wada, Y.; Nagai, K.; Itoh, M.; Sano, K.; Amano, M.; Maeda, H.; Hasegawa, Y.; Kishimoto, H.; Shimomura, S.; Shinmura, K. The Relationship between Dietary Habits and Frailty in Rural Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Cross-Sectional Observation Study Using a Brief Self-Administered Dietary History Questionnaire. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1982.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop