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Nutrients 2018, 10(12), 1895; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121895

Two-Week Exclusive Supplementation of Modified Ketogenic Nutrition Drink Reserves Lean Body Mass and Improves Blood Lipid Profile in Obese Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

1
Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea
2
Nutritional Product R&D team, Maeil Innovation Center, Maeil Dairies Co., Ltd., Pyeongtaek, Gyeonggi-do 17714, Korea
3
MDwell Inc., Seoul 06170, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 October 2018 / Revised: 18 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 3 December 2018
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Abstract

The ketogenic diet has long been recommended in patients with neurological disorders, and its protective effects on the cardiovascular system are of growing research interest. This study aimed to investigate the effects of two-week of low-calorie ketogenic nutrition drinks in obese adults. Subjects were randomized to consume drinks either a ketone-to-non-ketone ratio of 4:1 (KD 4:1), a drink partially complemented with protein at 1.7:1 (KD 1.7:1), or a balanced nutrition drink (BD). Changes in body weight, body composition, blood lipid profile, and blood ketone bodies were investigated. Blood ketone bodies were induced and maintained in the group that consumed both 4:1 and 1.7:1 ketogenic drinks (p < 0.001). Body weight and body fat mass significantly declined in all groups between 0 and 1 week and between 1 and 2 weeks (p < 0.05), while skeletal muscle mass remained unchanged only in the KD 1.7:1 group (p > 0.05). The blood lipid profile improved, appetite was reduced, and fullness was maintained in the two ketogenic drink groups. This study indicates the possibility for the development of obesity treatments based on ketogenic nutrition drinks even with a moderate ketogenic ratio of 1.7:1, as well as adjuvant therapies based on ketosis induction and maintenance for the treatment of other diseases and health conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; ketogenic diet; weight loss; nutrition drink; food for special dietary use obesity; ketogenic diet; weight loss; nutrition drink; food for special dietary use
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Choi, H.-R.; Kim, J.; Lim, H.; Park, Y.K. Two-Week Exclusive Supplementation of Modified Ketogenic Nutrition Drink Reserves Lean Body Mass and Improves Blood Lipid Profile in Obese Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1895.

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