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Nutrients 2018, 10(12), 1884; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121884

Assessment of Dietary Iodine Intake in School Age Children: The Cross-Sectional ANIVA Study

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Food Sciences, Toxicology and Legal Medicine, School of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Vicent Andres Estelles Avenue, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia, Spain
2
Biomedical Research Consortium in Epidemiology and Public Health Network (CIBERESP), Monforte de Lemos Avenue, 3-5, Pavillion 11 Floor 0, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2018 / Revised: 16 November 2018 / Accepted: 23 November 2018 / Published: 3 December 2018
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Abstract

Iodine deficiency is one of the most important health problems in the world. It intervenes in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which carry out important functions, so that a deficit of this mineral causes alterations of different kinds such as those related to growth. The objective of the present study was to know the prevalence of iodine deficit in the diet of Valencian children from 6 to 8 years old and their relationship with anthropometry. The analysis of the dietary intake was carried out through questionnaires. Thirteen schools participated in the study. The sample studied consists of 661 school children belonging to the Valencian Community, between 6 and 8 years of age: 298 boys and 363 girls. 79.12% of the children did not meet recommended daily iodine intakes. When comparing the groups of girls and boys with an inadequate intake, in general, girls show worse nutritional adequacy. When comparing the groups of girls and boys with sufficient iodine intake, no statistically significant differences were observed. No immediate effects of iodine deficiency on children’s anthropometry were observed. Intake of dairy products, fish and iodized salt is recommended, since they can contribute to the diet the iodine required to avoid a deficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: iodine; children; deficiency; iodine sources; intake; nutrition iodine; children; deficiency; iodine sources; intake; nutrition
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Morales-Suárez-Varela, M.; Peraita-Costa, I.; Llopis-Morales, A.; Llopis-Gonzalez, A. Assessment of Dietary Iodine Intake in School Age Children: The Cross-Sectional ANIVA Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1884.

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