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Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1669; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111669

Comparison of Measurements of Bone Mineral Density in Young and Middle-Aged Adult Women in Relation to Dietary, Anthropometric and Reproductive Variables

Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo (CIAD), Km 0.6 a La Victoria, Hermosillo, Sonora 83304, Mexico
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Received: 10 October 2018 / Revised: 24 October 2018 / Accepted: 25 October 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
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Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare current measurements of bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN), and total femur (TF) regions with initial values recorded 12 years ago in women from Northwest Mexico, and evaluate their correlation with dietary, anthropometric, and reproductive variables. BMD was assessed by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Participants were grouped as follows: Nulliparous (G1); women who were mothers 12 years ago (G2); and women who were nulliparous 12 years ago, but are now mothers (G3). In all three groups, current LS BMD was higher than initial (p ≤ 0.05) and current TF BMD in G2 was higher than initial values (p ≤ 0.05). When comparing current FN and TF BMD among the three groups, G2 had higher values than G3 (p ≤ 0.05). G2 also showed higher LS BMD than G1 and G3 (p = 0.006). Age at menarche was inversely-correlated with FN and TF BMD in G1 (p < 0.01), while the body mass index (BMI) correlated positively with all three bone regions in G2 (p < 0.05). This study shows that in women without and with children, age at menarche, BMI, and age were factors associated to BMD in healthy subjects in reproductive age. View Full-Text
Keywords: bone mineral density; age at menarche; BMI; nulliparous women; mothers bone mineral density; age at menarche; BMI; nulliparous women; mothers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Méndez-Gallegos, E.; Caire-Juvera, G.; Astiazarán-García, H.; Méndez-Estrada, R.O. Comparison of Measurements of Bone Mineral Density in Young and Middle-Aged Adult Women in Relation to Dietary, Anthropometric and Reproductive Variables. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1669.

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