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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(6), 7231-7256;

FLCNDEMF: An Event Metamodel for Flood Process Information Management under the Sensor Web Environment

State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Luoyu Road No. 129, Wuhan 430079, China
Collaborative Innovation Center of Geospatial Technology, Luoyu Road No. 129, Wuhan 430079, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Guy J-P. Schumann, Norman Kerle and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 17 March 2015 / Revised: 12 May 2015 / Accepted: 27 May 2015 / Published: 3 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing in Flood Monitoring and Management)
PDF [16009 KB, uploaded 3 June 2015]


Significant economic losses, large affected populations, and serious environmental damage caused by recurrent natural disaster events (NDE) worldwide indicate insufficiency in emergency preparedness and response. The barrier of full life cycle data preparation and information support is one of the main reasons. This paper adopts the method of integrated environmental modeling, incorporates information from existing event protocols, languages, and models, analyzes observation demands from different event stages, and forms the abstract full life cycle natural disaster event metamodel (FLCNDEM) based on meta-object facility. Then task library and knowledge base for floods are built to instantiate FLCNDEM, forming the FLCNDEM for floods (FLCNDEMF). FLCNDEMF is formalized according to Event Pattern Markup Language, and a prototype system, Natural Disaster Event Manager, is developed to assist in the template-based modeling and management. The flood in Liangzi (LZ) Lake of Hubei, China on 16 July 2010 is adopted to illustrate how to apply FLCNDEM in real scenarios. FLCNDEM-based modeling is realized, and the candidate remote sensing (RS) dataset for different observing missions are provided for LZ Lake flood. Taking the mission of flood area extraction as an example, the appropriate RS data are selected via the model of simplified general perturbation version 4, and the flood area in different phases are calculated and displayed on the map. The phase-based modeling and visualization intuitively display the spatial-temporal distribution and the evolution process of the LZ Lake flood, and it is of great significance for flood responding. In addition, through the extension mechanism, FLCNDEM can also be applied in other environmental applications, providing important support for full life cycle information sharing and rapid responding. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood; metamodel; event modeling; full life cycle; information support flood; metamodel; event modeling; full life cycle; information support

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, N.; Du, W.; Song, F.; Chen, Z. FLCNDEMF: An Event Metamodel for Flood Process Information Management under the Sensor Web Environment. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 7231-7256.

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