Next Article in Journal
Terrestrial Laser Scanning as an Effective Tool to Retrieve Tree Level Height, Crown Width, and Stem Diameter
Next Article in Special Issue
Global Trends in Exposure to Light Pollution in Natural Terrestrial Ecosystems
Previous Article in Journal
Moving Target Detection Based on the Spreading Characteristics of SAR Interferograms in the Magnitude-Phase Plane
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dynamics of Urbanization Levels in China from 1992 to 2012: Perspective from DMSP/OLS Nighttime Light Data
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

DMSP-OLS Radiance Calibrated Nighttime Lights Time Series with Intercalibration

Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, 216 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
National Geophysical Data Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Remote Sens. 2015, 7(2), 1855-1876;
Received: 1 October 2014 / Revised: 4 January 2015 / Accepted: 7 January 2015 / Published: 9 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing with Nighttime Lights)
PDF [19785 KB, uploaded 9 February 2015]


The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program-Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) stable lights products are made using operational OLS data collected at high gain settings, resulting in sensor saturation on brightly lit areas, such as city centers. This has been a paramount shortcoming of the DMSP-OLS stable lights time series. This study outlines a methodology that greatly expands the dynamic range of the OLS data using observations made at different fixed-gain settings, and by incorporating the areas not affected by saturation from the stable lights product. The radiances for the fixed-gain data are computed based on each OLS sensor’s pre-flight calibration. The result is a product known as the OLS radiance calibrated nighttime lights. A total of eight global datasets have been produced, representing years from 1996 to 2010. To further facilitate the usefulness of these data for time-series analyses, corrections have been made to counter the sensitivity differences of the sensors, and coefficients are provided to adjust the datasets to allow inter-comparison. View Full-Text
Keywords: nighttime lights; DMSP; OLS nighttime lights; DMSP; OLS

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hsu, F.-C.; Baugh, K.E.; Ghosh, T.; Zhizhin, M.; Elvidge, C.D. DMSP-OLS Radiance Calibrated Nighttime Lights Time Series with Intercalibration. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 1855-1876.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Remote Sens. EISSN 2072-4292 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top