Spurious change is a common problem in urban vegetation change detection by using multi-temporal remote sensing images of high resolution. This usually results from the false-absent and false-present vegetation patches in an obscured and/or shaded scene. The presented approach focuses on object-based change detection with joint use of spatial and spectral information, referring to it as multi-level spatial analyses. The analyses are conducted in three phases: (1) The pixel-level spatial analysis is performed by adding the density dimension
into a multi-feature space for classification to indicate the spatial dependency between pixels; (2) The member-level spatial analysis is conducted by the self-adaptive morphology
to readjust the incorrectly classified members according to the spatial dependency between members; (3) The object-level spatial analysis is reached by the self-adaptive morphology involved with the additional rule of sharing boundaries
. Spatial analysis at this level will help detect spurious change objects according to the spatial dependency between objects. It is revealed that the error from the automatically extracted vegetation objects with the pixel- and member-level spatial analyses is no more than 2.56%, compared with 12.15% without spatial analysis. Moreover, the error from the automatically detected spurious changes with the object-level spatial analysis is no higher than 3.26% out of all the dynamic vegetation objects, meaning that the fully automatic detection of vegetation change at a joint maximum error of 5.82% can be guaranteed.