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Open AccessArticle

Improving the Accuracy of Automatic Reconstruction of 3D Complex Buildings Models from Airborne Lidar Point Clouds

Department of Geoinformatics, Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, Gdansk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
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Remote Sens. 2020, 12(10), 1643; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12101643
Received: 8 April 2020 / Revised: 7 May 2020 / Accepted: 14 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Urban Modeling by Fusion of Lidar Point Clouds and Optical Imagery)
Due to high requirements of variety of 3D spatial data applications with respect to data amount and quality, automatized, efficient and reliable data acquisition and preprocessing methods are needed. The use of photogrammetry techniques—as well as the light detection and ranging (LiDAR) automatic scanners—are among attractive solutions. However, measurement data are in the form of unorganized point clouds, usually requiring transformation to higher order 3D models based on polygons or polyhedral surfaces, which is not a trivial process. The study presents a newly developed algorithm for correcting 3D point cloud data from airborne LiDAR surveys of regular 3D buildings. The proposed approach assumes the application of a sequence of operations resulting in 3D rasterization, i.e., creation and processing of a 3D regular grid representation of an object, prior to applying a regular Poisson surface reconstruction method. In order to verify the accuracy and quality of reconstructed objects for quantitative comparison with the obtained 3D models, high-quality ground truth models were used in the form of the meshes constructed from photogrammetric measurements and manually made using buildings architectural plans. The presented results show that applying the proposed algorithm positively influences the quality of the results and can be used in combination with existing surface reconstruction methods in order to generate more detailed 3D models from LiDAR scanning. View Full-Text
Keywords: LiDAR; visualization; processing; reconstruction; 3D LiDAR; visualization; processing; reconstruction; 3D
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Kulawiak, M.; Lubniewski, Z. Improving the Accuracy of Automatic Reconstruction of 3D Complex Buildings Models from Airborne Lidar Point Clouds. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1643.

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