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Open AccessArticle

Validation of a Primary Production Algorithm of Vertically Generalized Production Model Derived from Multi-Satellite Data around the Waters of Taiwan

1
Department of Environmental Biology Fisheries Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Pei-Ning Rd., Keelung 20224, Taiwan
2
Center of Excellence for Oceans, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Pei-Ning Rd., Keelung 20224, Taiwan
3
Taiwan Cross-Strait Fisheries Cooperation and Development Foundation, 100 Heping W. Rd, Taipei 10070, Taiwan
4
Marine Fisheries Division, Fisheries Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, 199 Hou-Ih Rd, Keelung 20246, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(10), 1627; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12101627
Received: 24 March 2020 / Revised: 6 May 2020 / Accepted: 17 May 2020 / Published: 19 May 2020
Basin-scale sampling for high frequency oceanic primary production (PP) is available from satellites and must achieve a strong match-up with in situ observations. This study evaluated a regionally high-resolution satellite-derived PP using a vertically generalized production model (VGPM) with in situ PP. The aim was to compare the root mean square difference (RMSD) and relative percent bias (Bias) in different water masses around Taiwan. Determined using light–dark bottle methods, the spatial distribution of VGPM derived from different Chl-a data of MODIS Aqua (PPA), MODIS Terra (PPT), and averaged MODIS Aqua and Terra (PPA&T) exhibited similar seasonal patterns with in situ PP. The three types of satellite-derived PPs were linearly correlated with in situ PPs, the coefficients of which were higher throughout the year in PPA&T (r2 = 0.61) than in PPA (r2 = 0.42) and PPT (r2 = 0.38), respectively. The seasonal RMSR and bias for the satellite-derived PPs were in the range of 0.03 to 0.09 and −0.14 to −0.39, respectively, which suggests the PPA&T produces slightly more accurate PP measurements than PPA and PPT. On the basis of environmental conditions, the subareas were further divided into China Coast water, Taiwan Strait water, Northeastern upwelling water, and Kuroshio water. The VPGM PP in the four subareas displayed similar features to Chl-a variations, with the highest PP in the China Coast water and lowest PP in the Kuroshio water. The RMSD was higher in the Kuroshio water with an almost negative bias. The PPA exhibited significant correlations with in situ PP in the subareas; however, the sampling locations were insufficient to yield significant results in the China Coast water. View Full-Text
Keywords: primary productivity; vertically generalized production model; waters around Taiwan; MODIS Aqua and Terra primary productivity; vertically generalized production model; waters around Taiwan; MODIS Aqua and Terra
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lan, K.-W.; Lian, L.-J.; Li, C.-H.; Hsiao, P.-Y.; Cheng, S.-Y. Validation of a Primary Production Algorithm of Vertically Generalized Production Model Derived from Multi-Satellite Data around the Waters of Taiwan. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1627.

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