In a real hyperspectral image classification task, label noise inevitably exists in training samples. To deal with label noise, current methods assume that noise obeys the Gaussian distribution, which is not the real case in practice, because in most cases, we are more likely to misclassify training samples at the boundaries between different classes. In this paper, we propose a spectral–spatial sparse graph-based adaptive label propagation (SALP) algorithm to address a more practical case, where the label information is contaminated by random noise and boundary noise. Specifically, the SALP mainly includes two steps: First, a spectral–spatial sparse graph is constructed to depict the contextual correlations between pixels within the same superpixel homogeneous region, which are generated by superpixel image segmentation, and then a transfer matrix is produced to describe the transition probability between pixels. Second, after randomly splitting training pixels into “clean” and “polluted,” we iteratively propagate the label information from “clean” to “polluted” based on the transfer matrix, and the relabeling strategy for each pixel is adaptively adjusted along with its spatial position in the corresponding homogeneous region. Experimental results on two standard hyperspectral image datasets show that the proposed SALP over four major classifiers can significantly decrease the influence of noisy labels, and our method achieves better performance compared with the baselines.
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