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Relative Azimuthal-Angle Matching (RAM): A Screening Method for GEO-LEO Reflectance Comparison in Middle Latitude Forests

Department of Information Science and Technology, Aichi Prefectural University, 1522-3 Ibaragabasama, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1198, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(9), 1095;
Received: 18 March 2019 / Revised: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 23 April 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Monitoring from A New Generation of Geostationary Satellites)
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This study introduced a data screening method for comparing the reflectances in middle latitude forest regions collected by a Geostationary Earth Observing (GEO) satellite and a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite. This method attempts to reduce the differences between the relative azimuth angles of the GEO and LEO observations. The method, called relative azimuthal-angle matching (RAM), takes advantage of the high temporal resolution of the GEO satellites, which enables collection of a wide range of relative azimuth angles within a day. The performance of the RAM method was evaluated using data in the visible and near-infrared bands collected by the Himawari-8/Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI) and the Terra/Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The consistency of the reflectance pairs of MODIS and AHI selected by the RAM method was compared with the consistency of the reflectance pairs acquired simultaneously by the two sensors. The data were matched pixel-by-pixel after applying atmospheric corrections and cloud screening. The results show that RAM improved the reflectance ratio by approximately 10% for the red and NIR bands on average relative to the simultaneous observations. Significant improvements in the two bands were observed (20%), especially among data collected in the fall and winter. Performance of RAM depends largely on season. Especially in summer, the reflectance pair chosen by RAM showed less consistency than solar zenith-angle matching (SZM). The results also indicated the relatively large influence of the spectral response functions on the green and red bands of the two sensors. View Full-Text
Keywords: GEO; LEO; screening; Himawari-8; AHI; Terra; MODIS GEO; LEO; screening; Himawari-8; AHI; Terra; MODIS

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Adachi, Y.; Kikuchi, R.; Obata, K.; Yoshioka, H. Relative Azimuthal-Angle Matching (RAM): A Screening Method for GEO-LEO Reflectance Comparison in Middle Latitude Forests. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1095.

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