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Estimating High Spatio-Temporal Resolution Rainfall from MSG1 and GPM IMERG Based on Machine Learning: Case Study of Iran

Faculty of Geography, Philipps-University of Marburg, 35032 Marburg, Germany
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Remote Sens. 2019, 11(19), 2307; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11192307
Received: 20 August 2019 / Revised: 24 September 2019 / Accepted: 1 October 2019 / Published: 3 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Atmosphere Remote Sensing)
A new satellite-based technique for rainfall retrieval in high spatio-temporal resolution (3 km, 15 min) for Iran is presented. The algorithm is based on the infrared bands of the Meteosat Second Generation Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (MSG SEVIRI). Random forest models using microwave-only rainfall information of the Integrated Multi-SatEllite Retrieval for the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) (IMERG) product as a reference were developed to (i) delineate the rainfall area and (ii) to assign the rainfall rate. The method was validated against independent microwave-only GPM IMERG rainfall data not used for model training. Additionally, the new technique was validated against completely independent gauge station data. The validation results show a promising performance of the new rainfall retrieval technique, especially when compared to the GPM IMERG IR-only rainfall product. The standard verification scored an average Heidke Skill Score of 0.4 for rain area delineation and an average R between 0.1 and 0.7 for rainfall rate assignment, indicating uncertainties for the Lut Desert area and regions with high altitude gradients. View Full-Text
Keywords: Meteosat; satellite; rainfall retrieval; random forest; GPM; IMERG; semi arid areas; Iran Meteosat; satellite; rainfall retrieval; random forest; GPM; IMERG; semi arid areas; Iran
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MDPI and ACS Style

Turini, N.; Thies, B.; Bendix, J. Estimating High Spatio-Temporal Resolution Rainfall from MSG1 and GPM IMERG Based on Machine Learning: Case Study of Iran. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2307.

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