Long-Term Changes in Water Clarity in Lake Liangzi Determined by Remote Sensing
AbstractWater clarity (via the Secchi disk depth, SDD) is an important indicator of water quality and lake ecosystem health. Monitoring long-term SDD change is vital for water quality assessment and lake management. In this study, we developed and validated an empirical model for estimating the SDD based on Landsat ETM+ and OLI data using the combination of band ratio of the near-infrared (NIR) band to the blue band and the NIR band. Time series data of remotely estimated SDD in Lake Liangzi were retrieved from 2007 to 2016 using the proposed models based on forty Landsat images. The results of the Mann–Kendall test (p = 0.002) and linear regression (R2 = 0.352, p < 0.001) indicated that the SDD in Lake Liangzi demonstrated a significant decreasing trend during the study period. The annual mean SDD in Lake Liangzi was significantly negatively correlated with the population (R2 = 0.530, p = 0.017) and gross domestic product (R2 = 0.619, p = 0.007) of the Lake Liangzi basin. In addition, water level increase and the flood have an important effect on SDD decrease. Our study revealed that anthropogenic activities may be driving factors for the long-term declining trend in the SDD. Additionally, floods and heavy precipitation may decrease the SDD over the short term in Lake Liangzi. A declining trend in the SDD in Lake Liangzi may continue under future intense anthropogenic activities and climate change such as the extreme heavy precipitation event increase. View Full-Text
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Xu, X.; Huang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Yu, D. Long-Term Changes in Water Clarity in Lake Liangzi Determined by Remote Sensing. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1441.
Xu X, Huang X, Zhang Y, Yu D. Long-Term Changes in Water Clarity in Lake Liangzi Determined by Remote Sensing. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(9):1441.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xu, Xuan; Huang, Xiaolong; Zhang, Yunlin; Yu, Dan. 2018. "Long-Term Changes in Water Clarity in Lake Liangzi Determined by Remote Sensing." Remote Sens. 10, no. 9: 1441.
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