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Remote Sens. 2018, 10(9), 1384; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10091384

An Evaluation of MODIS-Retrieved Aerosol Optical Depth over AERONET Sites in Alaska

Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99701, USA
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Received: 15 August 2018 / Revised: 23 August 2018 / Accepted: 24 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Air Quality)
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Abstract

The air quality monitoring network in Alaska is currently limited to ground-based observations in urban areas and national parks, leaving a large proportion of the state unmonitored. The use of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MODIS aerosol optical depth (AOD) to estimate ground-level particulate pollution concentrations has been successfully demonstrated around the world and could potentially be used in Alaska. In this work, MODIS AOD measurements at 550 nm were validated against AOD derived from two ground-based Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) sunphotometers in Alaska, located at Utqiagvik (previously known as Barrow) and Bonanza Creek, to determine if MODIS AOD from the Terra and Aqua satellites could be used to estimate ground-level particulate pollution concentrations. The MODIS AOD was obtained from MODIS collection 6 using the dark target Land and Ocean algorithms from years 2000 to 2014. MODIS data could only be obtained between the months of April and October; therefore, it was only evaluated for those months. Individual and combined Terra and Aqua MODIS data were considered. The results showed that MODIS collection 6 products at 10-km resolution for Terra and Aqua combined are not valid over land but are valid over the ocean. Note that the individual Terra and Aqua MODIS collection 6 AOD products at 10-km resolution are valid over land individually but not when combined. Results also suggest the MODIS collection 6 AOD products at 3-km resolution are valid over land and ocean and perform better over land than the 10-km product. These findings indicate that MODIS collection 6 AOD products can be used quantitatively in air quality applications in Alaska during the summer months. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aerosol Optical Depth; Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer; Alaska; Aerosol Robotic Network; air quality Aerosol Optical Depth; Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer; Alaska; Aerosol Robotic Network; air quality
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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McPhetres, A.; Aggarwal, S. An Evaluation of MODIS-Retrieved Aerosol Optical Depth over AERONET Sites in Alaska. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1384.

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