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Remote Sens. 2018, 10(8), 1294; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10081294

Fractal-Based Local Range Slope Estimation from Single SAR Image with Applications to SAR Despeckling and Topographic Mapping

Department of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Naples “Federico II”, 80125 Naples, Italy
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Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 August 2018 / Published: 15 August 2018

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a range slope estimation procedure from single synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images with both methodological and applicative innovations. The retrieval algorithm is based on an analytical linearized direct model, which relates the SAR intensity data to the range local slopes and encompasses both a surface model and an electromagnetic scattering model. Scene topography is described via fractal geometry, whereas the Small Perturbation Method is adopted to represent the scattering behavior of the surface. The range slope map is then used to estimate the surface topography and the local incidence angle map. For topographic mapping applications, also referred to as shape from shading, a regularization procedure is derived to recover the azimuth local slope and reduce distortions. Then we present a new intriguing application of the inversion procedure in the field of SAR despeckling. Proposed techniques and high-level products are tested in a wide series of experiments, where the algorithms are applied to both simulated (canonical) and actual SAR images. It is proved that the proposed range slope retrieval technique can (1) provide an estimate of the surface shape, with overall better performance w.r.t. typical models used in this field and (2) be useful in advanced despeckling techniques. View Full-Text
Keywords: Synthetic Aperture Radar; information retrieval; shape from shading; fractals; electromagnetic scattering; digital elevation model; image processing Synthetic Aperture Radar; information retrieval; shape from shading; fractals; electromagnetic scattering; digital elevation model; image processing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Di Martino, G.; Di Simone, A.; Riccio, D. Fractal-Based Local Range Slope Estimation from Single SAR Image with Applications to SAR Despeckling and Topographic Mapping. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1294.

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