Lead Detection in Polar Oceans—A Comparison of Different Classification Methods for Cryosat-2 SAR Data
AbstractIn polar regions, sea-ice hinders the precise observation of Sea Surface Heights (SSH) by satellite altimetry. In order to derive reliable heights for the openings within the ice, two steps have to be fulfilled: (1) the correct identification of water (e.g., in leads or polynias), a process known as lead classification; and (2) dedicated retracking algorithms to extract the ranges from the radar echoes. This study focuses on the first point and aims at identifying the best available lead classification method for Cryosat-2 SAR data. Four different altimeter lead classification methods are compared and assessed with respect to very high resolution airborne imagery. These methods are the maximum power classifier; multi-parameter classification method primarily based on pulse peakiness; multi-observation analysis of stack peakiness; and an unsupervised classification method. The unsupervised classification method with 25 clusters consistently performs best with an overall accuracy of 97%. Furthermore, this method does not require any knowledge of specific ice characteristics within the study area and is therefore the recommended lead detection algorithm for Cryosat-2 SAR in polar oceans. View Full-Text
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Dettmering, D.; Wynne, A.; Müller, F.L.; Passaro, M.; Seitz, F. Lead Detection in Polar Oceans—A Comparison of Different Classification Methods for Cryosat-2 SAR Data. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1190.
Dettmering D, Wynne A, Müller FL, Passaro M, Seitz F. Lead Detection in Polar Oceans—A Comparison of Different Classification Methods for Cryosat-2 SAR Data. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(8):1190.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dettmering, Denise; Wynne, Alan; Müller, Felix L.; Passaro, Marcello; Seitz, Florian. 2018. "Lead Detection in Polar Oceans—A Comparison of Different Classification Methods for Cryosat-2 SAR Data." Remote Sens. 10, no. 8: 1190.
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