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Remote Sens. 2018, 10(7), 1096; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10071096

Assessing the Impacts of Urbanization on Albedo in Jing-Jin-Ji Region of China

1
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Jointly Sponsored by Beijing Normal University and Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100875, China
2
Beijing Engineering Research Center for Global Land Remote Sensing Products, Institute of Remote Sensing Science and Engineering, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
3
Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of Ministry of Education, Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
4
State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
5
College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
6
Division of Environment and Sustainability, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 May 2018 / Revised: 20 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remotely Sensed Albedo)
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Abstract

As an indicative parameter that represents the ability of the Earth’s surface to reflect solar radiation, albedo determines the allocation of solar energy between the Earth’s surface and the atmosphere, which plays an important role in both global and local climate change. Urbanization is a complicated progress that greatly affects urban albedo via land cover change, human heat, aerosol, and other human activities. Although many studies have been conducted to identify the effects of these various factors on albedo separately, there are few studies that have quantitatively determined the combined effects of urbanization on albedo. In this study, based on a partial derivative method, vegetation index data and nighttime light data were used to quantitatively calculate the natural climate change and human activities’ contributions to albedo variations in the Jing-Jin-Ji region, during its highest population growth period from 2001 to 2011. The results show that (1) 2005 is the year when urbanization starts accelerating in the Jing-Jin-Ji region; (2) albedo trends are equal to 0.0065 year−1 before urbanization and 0.0012 year−1 after urbanization, which is a reduction of 4/5; and (3) the contribution rate of urbanization increases from 15% to 48.4%, which leads to a decrease in albedo of approximately 0.05. Understanding the contribution of urbanization to variations in urban albedo is significant for future studies on urban climate change via energy balance and can provide scientific data for energy conservation policymaking. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface albedo; urbanization; vegetation variation; climate change; DMSP surface albedo; urbanization; vegetation variation; climate change; DMSP
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Tang, R.; Zhao, X.; Zhou, T.; Jiang, B.; Wu, D.; Tang, B. Assessing the Impacts of Urbanization on Albedo in Jing-Jin-Ji Region of China. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1096.

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