The Impact of Tourist Traffic on the Condition and Cell Structures of Alpine Swards
AbstractThis research focuses on the effect of trampling on vegetation in high-mountain ecosystems through the electromagnetic spectrum’s interaction with plant pigments, cell structure, water content and other substances that have a direct impact on leaf properties. The aim of the study was to confirm with the use of fluorescence methods of variability in the state of high-mountain vegetation previously measured spectrometrically. The most heavily visited part of the High Tatras in Poland was divided into polygons and, after selecting the dominant species within alpine swards, a detailed analysis of trampled and reference patterns was performed. The Analytical Spectral Devices (ASD) FieldSpec 3/4 were used to acquire high-resolution spectral properties of plants, their fluorescence and the leaf chlorophyll content with the difference between the plant surface temperature (ts), and the air temperature (ta) as well as fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fAPAR) used as reference data. The results show that, along tourist trails, vegetation adapts to trampling with the impact depending on the species. A lower chlorophyll value was confirmed by a decrease in fluorescence, and the cellular structures were degraded in trampled compared to reference species, with a lower leaf reflectance. In addition, at the extreme, trampling can eliminate certain species such as Luzula alpino-pilosa, for which significant changes were noted due to trampling. View Full-Text
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Kycko, M.; Zagajewski, B.; Lavender, S.; Romanowska, E.; Zwijacz-Kozica, M. The Impact of Tourist Traffic on the Condition and Cell Structures of Alpine Swards. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 220.
Kycko M, Zagajewski B, Lavender S, Romanowska E, Zwijacz-Kozica M. The Impact of Tourist Traffic on the Condition and Cell Structures of Alpine Swards. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(2):220.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kycko, Marlena; Zagajewski, Bogdan; Lavender, Samantha; Romanowska, Elżbieta; Zwijacz-Kozica, Magdalena. 2018. "The Impact of Tourist Traffic on the Condition and Cell Structures of Alpine Swards." Remote Sens. 10, no. 2: 220.
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