Stable Water Isotopologues in the Stratosphere Retrieved from Odin/SMR Measurements
AbstractStable Water Isotopologues (SWIs) are important diagnostic tracers for understanding processes in the atmosphere and the global hydrological cycle. Using eight years (2002–2009) of retrievals from Odin/SMR (Sub-Millimetre Radiometer), the global climatological features of three SWIs, H216O, HDO and H218O, the isotopic composition δD and δ18O in the stratosphere are analysed for the first time. Spatially, SWIs are found to increase with altitude due to stratospheric methane oxidation. In the tropics, highly depleted SWIs in the lower stratosphere indicate the effect of dehydration when the air comes through the cold tropopause, while, at higher latitudes, more enriched SWIs in the upper stratosphere during summer are produced and transported to the other hemisphere via the Brewer–Dobson circulation. Furthermore, we found that more H216O is produced over summer Northern Hemisphere and more HDO is produced over summer Southern Hemisphere. Temporally, a tape recorder in H216O is observed in the lower tropical stratosphere, in addition to a pronounced downward propagating seasonal signal in SWIs from the upper to the lower stratosphere over the polar regions. These observed features in SWIs are further compared to SWI-enabled model outputs. This helped to identify possible causes of model deficiencies in reproducing main stratospheric features. For instance, choosing a better advection scheme and including methane oxidation process in a specific model immediately capture the main features of stratospheric water vapor. The representation of other features, such as the observed inter-hemispheric difference of isotopic component, is also discussed. View Full-Text
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Wang, T.; Zhang, Q.; Lossow, S.; Chafik, L.; Risi, C.; Murtagh, D.; Hannachi, A. Stable Water Isotopologues in the Stratosphere Retrieved from Odin/SMR Measurements. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 166.
Wang T, Zhang Q, Lossow S, Chafik L, Risi C, Murtagh D, Hannachi A. Stable Water Isotopologues in the Stratosphere Retrieved from Odin/SMR Measurements. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(2):166.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Tongmei; Zhang, Qiong; Lossow, Stefan; Chafik, Léon; Risi, Camille; Murtagh, Donal; Hannachi, Abdel. 2018. "Stable Water Isotopologues in the Stratosphere Retrieved from Odin/SMR Measurements." Remote Sens. 10, no. 2: 166.
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