Next Article in Journal
Quantitative Assessment of Desertification in an Arid Oasis Using Remote Sensing Data and Spectral Index Techniques
Next Article in Special Issue
A2RMNet: Adaptively Aspect Ratio Multi-Scale Network for Object Detection in Remote Sensing Images
Previous Article in Journal
Technical Methodology for ASTER Global Water Body Data Base
Open AccessArticle

Improving the Accuracy of Open Source Digital Elevation Models with Multi-Scale Fusion and a Slope Position-Based Linear Regression Method

School of Environment Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
Geographic Information and Tourism College, Chuzhou University, Chuzhou 239000, China
Science and Technology Development Department, Shenhua Group Corporation Limited, Beijing 100011, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(12), 1861;
Received: 19 October 2018 / Revised: 14 November 2018 / Accepted: 17 November 2018 / Published: 22 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multi-Scale Remote Sensing and Image Analysis)
The growing need to monitor changes in the surface of the Earth requires a high-quality, accessible Digital Elevation Model (DEM) dataset, whose development has become a challenge in the field of Earth-related research. The purpose of this paper is to improve the overall accuracy of public domain DEMs by data fusion. Multi-scale decomposition is an important analytical method in data fusion. Three multi-scale decomposition methods—the wavelet transform (WT), bidimensional empirical mode decomposition (BEMD), and nonlinear adaptive multi-scale decomposition (N-AMD)—are applied to the 1-arc-second Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Global digital elevation model (SRTM-1 DEM) and the Advanced Land Observing Satellite World 3D—30 m digital surface model (AW3D30 DSM) in China. Of these, the WT and BEMD are popular image fusion methods. A new approach for DEM fusion is developed using N-AMD (which is originally invented to remove the cycle from sunspots). Subsequently, a window-based rule is proposed for the fusion of corresponding frequency components obtained by these methods. Quantitative results show that N-AMD is more suitable for multi-scale fusion of multi-source DEMs, taking the Ice Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) global land surface altimetry data as a reference. The fused DEMs offer significant improvements of 29.6% and 19.3% in RMSE at a mountainous site, and 27.4% and 15.5% over a low-relief region, compared to the SRTM-1 and AW3D30, respectively. Furthermore, a slope position-based linear regression method is developed to calibrate the fused DEM for different slope position classes, by investigating the distribution of the fused DEM error with topography. The results indicate that the accuracy of the DEM calibrated by this method is improved by 16% and 13.6%, compared to the fused DEM in the mountainous region and low-relief region, respectively, proving that it is a practical and simple means of further increasing the accuracy of the fused DEM. View Full-Text
Keywords: DEM fusion; multi-scale analysis; WT; BEMD; N-AMD DEM fusion; multi-scale analysis; WT; BEMD; N-AMD
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tian, Y.; Lei, S.; Bian, Z.; Lu, J.; Zhang, S.; Fang, J. Improving the Accuracy of Open Source Digital Elevation Models with Multi-Scale Fusion and a Slope Position-Based Linear Regression Method. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1861.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop