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Open AccessArticle

Mapping Paddy Rice Using a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with Landsat 8 Datasets in the Dongting Lake Area, China

1,2,3,*, 1,2,3,*, 1,2,3,4, 1,2,3 and 5
Research Center of Forest Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, China
Key Laboratory of Forestry Remote Sensing Based Big Data and Ecological Security for Hunan Province, Changsha 410004, China
Key Laboratory of State Forestry Administration on Forest Resources Management and Monitoring in Southern Area, Changsha 410004, China
Department of Geography and Environmental Resources, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
Cooperative Innovation Center for Digitalization of Cultural Heritage in traditional Villages and Towns, Hengyang 421002, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(11), 1840;
Received: 20 September 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 15 November 2018 / Published: 20 November 2018
PDF [8246 KB, uploaded 20 November 2018]


Rice is one of the world’s major staple foods, especially in China. Highly accurate monitoring on rice-producing land is, therefore, crucial for assessing food supplies and productivity. Recently, the deep-learning convolutional neural network (CNN) has achieved considerable success in remote-sensing data analysis. A CNN-based paddy-rice mapping method using the multitemporal Landsat 8, phenology data, and land-surface temperature (LST) was developed during this study. First, the spatial–temporal adaptive reflectance fusion model (STARFM) was used to blend the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Landsat data for obtaining multitemporal Landsat-like data. Subsequently, the threshold method is applied to derive the phenological variables from the Landsat-like (Normalized difference vegetation index) NDVI time series. Then, a generalized single-channel algorithm was employed to derive LST from the Landsat 8. Finally, multitemporal Landsat 8 spectral images, combined with phenology and LST data, were employed to extract paddy-rice information using a patch-based deep-learning CNN algorithm. The results show that the proposed method achieved an overall accuracy of 97.06% and a Kappa coefficient of 0.91, which are 6.43% and 0.07 higher than that of the support vector machine method, and 7.68% and 0.09 higher than that of the random forest method, respectively. Moreover, the Landsat-derived rice area is strongly correlated (R2 = 0.9945) with government statistical data, demonstrating that the proposed method has potential in large-scale paddy-rice mapping using moderate spatial resolution images. View Full-Text
Keywords: rice; phenology; land-surface temperature; fusion model; convolutional neural network rice; phenology; land-surface temperature; fusion model; convolutional neural network

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, M.; Lin, H.; Wang, G.; Sun, H.; Fu, J. Mapping Paddy Rice Using a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with Landsat 8 Datasets in the Dongting Lake Area, China. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1840.

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