Thermokarst Development Detected from High-Definition Topographic Data in Central Yakutia
AbstractEastern Siberia is characterized by widespread permafrost thawing and subsequent thermokarst development. Estimation of the impacts of the predicted rise in precipitation and air temperatures under climate change requires quantitative knowledge about the spatial distribution of thermokarst development. In the last few years, unmanned aerial systems (UAS) and structure-from-motion multi-view stereo (SfM-MVS) photogrammetry attracted a tremendous amount of interest for acquiring high-definition topographic data. This study detected characteristics of thermokarst landforms using UAS and SfM-MVS photogrammetry at a disused airfield (3.0 ha) and for arable land that was previously used for farming (6.3 ha) in the Churapcha area, located on the right bank of the Lena River in central Yakutia. Orthorectified photographs and digital terrain models with spatial resolutions of 4.0 cm and 8.0 cm, respectively, were obtained for this study. At the disused airfield site and the abandoned arable land, 174 and 867 high-centered polygons that developed after the 1990s were detected, respectively. The data showed that the average diameter and average area of the polygons at the disused airfield site were 11.6 m and 111.2 m2, respectively, while those of the polygons in the abandoned arable land were 7.4 m and 46.8 m2, respectively. The abandoned arable land was characterized by smaller polygons and a higher polygon density. The differences in polygon size for the abandoned arable land and the disused airfield site indicate a difference in the ice wedge distributions and thermokarst developments. The subsidence rate was estimated as 2.1 cm/year for the disused airfield site and 3.9 cm/year for the abandoned arable land. View Full-Text
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Saito, H.; Iijima, Y.; Basharin, N.I.; Fedorov, A.N.; Kunitsky, V.V. Thermokarst Development Detected from High-Definition Topographic Data in Central Yakutia. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1579.
Saito H, Iijima Y, Basharin NI, Fedorov AN, Kunitsky VV. Thermokarst Development Detected from High-Definition Topographic Data in Central Yakutia. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(10):1579.Chicago/Turabian Style
Saito, Hitoshi; Iijima, Yoshihiro; Basharin, Nikolay I.; Fedorov, Alexander N.; Kunitsky, Viktor V. 2018. "Thermokarst Development Detected from High-Definition Topographic Data in Central Yakutia." Remote Sens. 10, no. 10: 1579.
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