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Letter

Ocean Dynamics Observed by VIIRS Day/Night Band Satellite Observations

by 1,2,* and 1
1
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Center for Satellite Applications and Research, E/RA3, 5830 University Research Ct., College Park, MD 20740, USA
2
Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere at Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(1), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10010076
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 11 December 2017 / Accepted: 3 January 2018 / Published: 8 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Ocean Remote Sensing)
Three cases of Day/Night Band (DNB) observations of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) are explored for applications to assess the ocean environment and monitor ocean dynamics. An approach to use the ratio between the target radiance and the reference radiance was developed in order to better assess the ocean diurnal and short-term environmental changes with VIIRS DNB observations. In the La Plata River Estuary, the sediment fronts showed 20–25 km diurnal inshore-offshore movements on 13 March 2017. In the waters off the coast of Argentina in the South Atlantic, VIIRS DNB measurements provided both daytime and nighttime observations and monitoring of the algal bloom development and migration between 24 and 26 March 2016. This algal bloom generally kept the same spatial patterns, but moved nearly 20 km eastward in the three-day period. In the Yangtze River Estuary and Hangzhou Bay region along China’s east coast, VIIRS DNB observations also revealed complicated coastal dynamic changes between 12 and 14 April 2017. Even though there are still some challenges and limitations for monitoring the ocean environment with VIIRS DNB observations, this study shows that satellite DNB observations can provide additional data sources for ocean observations, especially observations during the nighttime. View Full-Text
Keywords: VIIRS; DNB observation; ocean dynamics; satellite remote sensing; ocean color; nocturnal study VIIRS; DNB observation; ocean dynamics; satellite remote sensing; ocean color; nocturnal study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shi, W.; Wang, M. Ocean Dynamics Observed by VIIRS Day/Night Band Satellite Observations. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10010076

AMA Style

Shi W, Wang M. Ocean Dynamics Observed by VIIRS Day/Night Band Satellite Observations. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(1):76. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10010076

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shi, Wei, and Menghua Wang. 2018. "Ocean Dynamics Observed by VIIRS Day/Night Band Satellite Observations" Remote Sensing 10, no. 1: 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10010076

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