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Open AccessArticle

A Longitudinal Study of the Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Firm Performance in SMEs in Zambia

Department of Management and Organization, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1300; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081300
Received: 30 April 2017 / Revised: 14 July 2017 / Accepted: 21 July 2017 / Published: 26 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 6th World Sustainability Forum - Selected Papers)
The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of corporate social responsibility on firm performance using a longitudinal design in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The reported study was conducted in a Sub-Saharan African developing country, Zambia. Data were collected from 153 entrepreneurs in two surveys and changes in CSR and firm performance measures were analysed over a 12-month period using SmartPLS structural equation modelling. The findings show that the relationship between CSR and financial performance is significant. Further, the association between CSR and the two measures of firm performance (corporate reputation and employee commitment) was only partially significant over time. We discuss the relevance of these results for entrepreneurs, researchers and policy makers in understanding the outcomes of sustainability practices in SMEs in developing countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. View Full-Text
Keywords: CSR; firm performance; longitudinal design; SMEs; developing country; Africa; Zambia CSR; firm performance; longitudinal design; SMEs; developing country; Africa; Zambia
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Choongo, P. A Longitudinal Study of the Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Firm Performance in SMEs in Zambia. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1300.

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