Next Article in Journal
Special Issue Editorial: Earth Observation and Geoinformation Technologies for Sustainable Development
Next Article in Special Issue
Virtual Inertia Control-Based Model Predictive Control for Microgrid Frequency Stabilization Considering High Renewable Energy Integration
Previous Article in Journal
Trend Analysis of Water Poverty Index for Assessment of Water Stress and Water Management Polices: A Case Study in the Hexi Corridor, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
New Configuration and Novel Reclosing Procedure of Distribution System for Utilization of BESS as UPS in Smart Grid
Article

An Optimal Dispatch Model of Wind-Integrated Power System Considering Demand Response and Reliability

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Southeast University, Sipailou 2#, Nanjing 210096, China
2
State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Company, Shangai Road 215#, Nanjing 210024, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shuhui Li
Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 758; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9050758
Received: 26 March 2017 / Revised: 27 April 2017 / Accepted: 3 May 2017 / Published: 5 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Grid)
Demand response (DR) has become an impressive option in the deregulated power system due to its features of availability, quickness and applicability. In this paper, a novel economic dispatch model integrated with wind power is proposed, where incentive-based DR and reliability measures are taken into account. Compared with the conventional models, the proposed model considers customers’ power consumption response to the incentive price. The load profile is optimized with DR to depress the influence on the dispatch caused by the anti-peak-shaving and intermittence of wind generation. Furthermore, a probabilistic formulation is established to calculate the expected energy not supplied (EENS). This approach combines the probability distribution of the forecast errors of load and wind power, as well as the outage replacement rates of units into consideration. The cost of EENS is added into the objective to achieve an optimal equilibrium point between economy and reliability of power system operation. The proposed model is solved by mixed integer linear programming (MILP). The applicability and effectiveness of this model is illustrated by numerical simulations tested on the IEEE 24-bus Reliability Test System. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic dispatch; demand response; wind power; expected energy not supplied; mixed integer linear programming economic dispatch; demand response; wind power; expected energy not supplied; mixed integer linear programming
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, Q.; Ding, Y.; Zheng, A. An Optimal Dispatch Model of Wind-Integrated Power System Considering Demand Response and Reliability. Sustainability 2017, 9, 758. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9050758

AMA Style

Xu Q, Ding Y, Zheng A. An Optimal Dispatch Model of Wind-Integrated Power System Considering Demand Response and Reliability. Sustainability. 2017; 9(5):758. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9050758

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Qingshan, Yifan Ding, and Aixia Zheng. 2017. "An Optimal Dispatch Model of Wind-Integrated Power System Considering Demand Response and Reliability" Sustainability 9, no. 5: 758. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9050758

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop