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Open AccessArticle

ESCoBox: A Set of Tools for Mini-Grid Sustainability in the Developing World

Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development, De Montfort University, Queens Building, The Gateway, Leicester LE1 9BH, UK
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle NE1 7RU, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jeffrey Logan and and Doug Arent
Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 738;
Received: 5 April 2017 / Revised: 25 April 2017 / Accepted: 28 April 2017 / Published: 3 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Security and Sustainability)
Mini-grids powered by photovoltaic generators or other renewable energy sources have the potential to bring electricity to the 17% of the world’s population, mainly in rural areas, that are currently un-served. However, designing and managing a mini-grid so that it is reliable and economically sustainable is difficult because of the high variability of demand that arises from the small population of consumers. We describe an integrated set of four tools to assist mini-grid operators to predict and manage demand. These comprise a decision support tool to predict peak and average demand from a consumer population, a demand disaggregation tool that allows the key statistical properties of connected electricity-consuming appliances to be identified, a battery condition modeling tool which allows the impact on battery life of a planned operating regime to be predicted and a demand control sub-system which limits the operating time of high demand appliances to intervals when they can be supported. Results from application of the tool set to mini-grids in Kenya and The Gambia are presented. We conclude that accessible, usable and low cost tools of this form can improve mini-grid sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: mini-grid; micro-grid; battery management; demand-side management mini-grid; micro-grid; battery management; demand-side management
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Boait, P.; Gammon, R.; Advani, V.; Wade, N.; Greenwood, D.; Davison, P. ESCoBox: A Set of Tools for Mini-Grid Sustainability in the Developing World. Sustainability 2017, 9, 738.

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