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Open AccessEditorial

I Have a Dream: Organic Movements Include Gene Manipulation to Improve Sustainable Farming

Institute of Cell Biology (Cancer Research), Universitätsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, 45147 Essen, Germany
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 392; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9030392
Received: 1 March 2017 / Revised: 1 March 2017 / Accepted: 3 March 2017 / Published: 7 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organic Farming and Gene Manipulation)
Several papers in a Special Issue of Sustainability have recently discussed various aspects to evaluate whether organic farming and gene manipulation are compatible. A special emphasis was given to new plant breeding techniques (NPBTs). These new approaches allow the most predictable genetic alterations of crop plants in ways that the genetically modified plant is identical to a plant generated by conventional breeding. The articles of the Special Issue present the arguments pro and contra the inclusion of the plants generated by NPBTs in organic farming. Organic movements have not yet made a final decision whether some of these techniques should be accepted or banned. In my view these novel genetically manipulated (GM) crops could be used in such a way as to respect the requirements for genetically manipulated organisms (GMOs) formulated by the International Federation of Organic Movements (IFOAM). Reviewing the potential benefits of disease-resistant potatoes and bananas, it seems possible that these crops support organic farming. To this end, I propose specific requirements that the organic movements should proactively formulate as their standards to accept specific GM crops. View Full-Text
Keywords: gene manipulation; organic farming; co-existence; NPBT (new plant breeding technique); IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements); cisgenesis; genome editing; potatoes; bananas gene manipulation; organic farming; co-existence; NPBT (new plant breeding technique); IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements); cisgenesis; genome editing; potatoes; bananas
MDPI and ACS Style

Ryffel, G.U. I Have a Dream: Organic Movements Include Gene Manipulation to Improve Sustainable Farming. Sustainability 2017, 9, 392.

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