Next Article in Journal
Mapping the Influence of Land Use/Land Cover Changes on the Urban Heat Island Effect—A Case Study of Changchun, China
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment of Soil Health in Urban Agriculture: Soil Enzymes and Microbial Properties
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 313;

Analyzing Agricultural Agglomeration in China

Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization of Henan Province, Centre for Coordinative Development in Zhongyuan Economic Region & Institute for Regional Development and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
Johnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5B8, Canada
Centre for Coordinative Development in Zhongyuan Economic Region, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450000, China
Department of Geography, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
Department of Geography & Geology, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX 77340, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2017 / Accepted: 4 February 2017 / Published: 20 February 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [2631 KB, uploaded 22 February 2017]   |  


There has been little scholarly research on Chinese agriculture’s geographic pattern of agglomeration and its evolutionary mechanisms, which are essential to sustainable development in China. By calculating the barycenter coordinates, the Gini coefficient, spatial autocorrelation and specialization indices for 11 crops during 1981–2012, we analyze the evolutionary pattern and mechanisms of agricultural agglomeration. We argue that the degree of spatial concentration of Chinese planting has been gradually increasing and that regional specialization and diversification have progressively been strengthened. Furthermore, Chinese crop production is moving from the eastern provinces to the central and western provinces. This is in contrast to Chinese manufacturing growth which has continued to be concentrated in the coastal and southeastern regions. In Northeast China, the Sanjiang and Songnen plains have become agricultural clustering regions, and the earlier domination of aquaculture and rice production in Southeast China has gradually decreased. In summary, this paper provides a political economy framework for understanding the regionalization of Chinese agriculture, focusing on the interaction among the objectives, decisionmaking behavior, path dependencies and spatial effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural evolution; geographical agglomeration; agricultural clusters; spatial analysis; China agricultural evolution; geographical agglomeration; agricultural clusters; spatial analysis; China

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, E.; Coates, K.; Li, X.; Ye, X.; Leipnik, M. Analyzing Agricultural Agglomeration in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 313.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top