Next Article in Journal
Oil Price and Economic Resilience. Romania’s Case
Next Article in Special Issue
Renewable Energy Project as a Source of Innovation in Rural Communities: Lessons from the Periphery
Previous Article in Journal
Adaptation to Climate Change through Spatial Planning in Compact Urban Areas: A Case Study in the City of Thessaloniki
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Spatial Analytic Hierarchy Process for Identification of Water Pollution with GIS Software in an Eco-Economy Environment
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 270;

Towards Urban Resilience: A Multi-Criteria Analysis of Seismic Vulnerability in Iasi City (Romania)

Faculty of Geography and Geology, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi 700505, Romania
Romanian Academy, Department of Iasi, Geography Group, Iasi 700505, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alexandru Ozunu and Dacinia Crina Petrescu
Received: 11 December 2016 / Revised: 18 January 2017 / Accepted: 8 February 2017 / Published: 15 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilience to Natural and Man-Made Disasters)
Full-Text   |   PDF [6755 KB, uploaded 15 February 2017]   |  


When relating to hazards such as earthquakes, a primary task of a resilience approach is to evaluate vulnerability in an integrative manner by taking into account the most relevant indicators. Focused on Iasi, one of the major Romanian cities which are exposed to the earthquakes originating in Vrancea area, this study aims to assess seismic vulnerability using a multi-criteria analysis of buildings infrastructure and social vulnerability. Several indicators are taken into account, such as physical (related to the characteristics of buildings and terrain) and social indicators (related to population and economic income), as well as the accessibility from/to emergency services/hospitals. The indicators were processed by standardization (Z score), processed and correlated using the principal components analysis (PCA) and integrated within an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). By summing the weighted values of the standardized indicators, a (integrated) seismic vulnerability index was obtained. It is a pre-assessment of the seismic vulnerability in Iasi City and also a prerequisite for the identification of the necessary prevention measures to be taken in compliance with the identified spatial patterns of vulnerability as a part of a resilient approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: seismic vulnerability assessment; multi-criteria analysis; Iasi City seismic vulnerability assessment; multi-criteria analysis; Iasi City

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Banica, A.; Rosu, L.; Muntele, I.; Grozavu, A. Towards Urban Resilience: A Multi-Criteria Analysis of Seismic Vulnerability in Iasi City (Romania). Sustainability 2017, 9, 270.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top