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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2090; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9112090

Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Ghana: What Governance System Works?

Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Georg-August Universität, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
Received: 25 August 2017 / Revised: 3 November 2017 / Accepted: 9 November 2017 / Published: 14 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Agriculture)
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Abstract

Urban farming takes advantage of its proximity to market, transport and other urban infrastructure to provide food for the city and sustain the livelihoods of urban and peri-urban dwellers. It is an agricultural activity which employs more than 50% of the local urban population with positive and negative impacts on local and national development. Urban agriculture is an informal activity not supported by law but in practice is regulated to a certain extent by state institutions, traditional rulers, farmers and national and international non-governmental organisations. Tamale’s rapid population growth, exacerbated by the unplanned development system and institutional conflicts, are factors contributing to the present bottlenecks in the urban agricultural system. In this paper, these bottlenecks are conceptualised as problems of governance. These issues will be illustrated using ethnographic data from land sales, crop-livestock competition, waste-water irrigation, and markets. I will explain how conflicts which arise from these different situations are resolved through the interactions of various governance systems. Informal governance arrangements are widespread, but neither they nor formal systems are always successful in resolving governance issues. A participatory governance does not seem possible due to actors’ divergent interests. A governance solution for this sector is not yet apparent, contributing to food and nutritional insecurity. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; governance; power; legitimacy; informal; participatory; urban agriculture; Northern Ghana sustainability; governance; power; legitimacy; informal; participatory; urban agriculture; Northern Ghana
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Nchanji, E.B. Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Ghana: What Governance System Works? Sustainability 2017, 9, 2090.

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