Next Article in Journal
Reducing Simulation Performance Gap in Hemp-Lime Buildings Using Fourier Filtering †
Previous Article in Journal
Scenarios of Carbon Emissions from the Power Sector in Guangdong Province
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 865;

Social Science Studies on European and African Agriculture Compared: Bringing Together Different Strands of Academic Debate on GM Crops

Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7012, Uppsala 750 07, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Douglas H. Constance and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 6 July 2016 / Revised: 10 August 2016 / Accepted: 24 August 2016 / Published: 29 August 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [240 KB, uploaded 29 August 2016]


This study explored the social science-orientated literature on genetically modified (GM) crops in Europe and compared it with the corresponding literature on GM crops in African contexts, in order to determine the nature and extent of north-south cross-fertilisation in the literature. A total of 1625 papers on GM crops and agriculture falling within the ‘social science and humanities’ subject area in the Scopus abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature were analysed for major trends relating to geographical areas. More detailed analysis was performed on papers discussing African (56 papers) and European (127 papers) contexts. The analysis revealed that studies on policy and politics were common in both strands of the literature, frequently focusing on effects of the relatively restrictive European Union regulations on GM crops. There were also clear differences, however. For example, papers focusing on Africa frequently examined farm-level impacts and production, while this theme was almost non-existent in the Europe literature. It focused instead on policy impacts on trade and consumer attitudes to GM products. The lack of farm-level studies and of empirical studies in general in the European literature indicates a need for empirical research on GM crops in European farming. Social science research on GM crop production in Europe could draw lessons from the African literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: GMO; biotechnology; agriculture; Europe; Africa; social science GMO; biotechnology; agriculture; Europe; Africa; social science
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fischer, K.; Eriksson, C. Social Science Studies on European and African Agriculture Compared: Bringing Together Different Strands of Academic Debate on GM Crops. Sustainability 2016, 8, 865.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top