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Sustainability 2016, 8(7), 690;

Measuring Localisation Regionally to Form a Bhutanese Index

School of Environmental Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Albury, New South Wales 2640, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 15 March 2016 / Revised: 19 June 2016 / Accepted: 21 June 2016 / Published: 19 July 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [228 KB, uploaded 19 July 2016]


Localisation may be used as a strategy to remedy the harmful socio-ecological impacts of economic globalisation, and lead to improved sustainability achievements. This article describes the formation of a regional-level localisation index for the 20 districts of Bhutan, demonstrating a way to identify localised places using regionally specific data. Secondary source data were gathered in Bhutan according to localisation expert-identified metrics, which were then weighted, standardised, scored and ranked. This enabled the formation of a Bhutanese regional-level localisation index. The index may assist those seeking regional-level localisation case studies by enabling the identification of localised places in Bhutan. The article also summarises sustainability-planning interviews carried out across Bhutan to determine causal factors relating to localisation scores, in particular focusing on the top localisation-scoring district, Dagana. The interviews revealed that Bhutan is a highly localised country that has long and intentionally planned many aspects of localisation. View Full-Text
Keywords: localisation; economic globalisation; urbanisation; sustainability; localisation metrics; localisation index; Bhutan localisation; economic globalisation; urbanisation; sustainability; localisation metrics; localisation index; Bhutan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Olivier, M.M.; Wilson, B.P.; Howard, J.L. Measuring Localisation Regionally to Form a Bhutanese Index. Sustainability 2016, 8, 690.

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