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Sustainability 2016, 8(6), 580;

Supporting Farmer-Led Irrigation in Mozambique: Reflections on Field-Testing a New Design Approach

Resilience BV, Tweede Kostverlorenkade 138-2, 1053 SE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Water Resources Management Group, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 3a, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Douglas H. Constance
Received: 30 March 2016 / Revised: 2 June 2016 / Accepted: 7 June 2016 / Published: 20 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Irrigation and Drainage)
Full-Text   |   PDF [551 KB, uploaded 20 June 2016]   |  


Smallholder irrigation technologies introduced in sub-Saharan Africa are often unsustainable in the sense that they are not maintained by their users. In contrast, there is clear evidence that smallholder farmers have been developing and expanding irrigated areas. An approach was developed that takes these farmers’ initiatives as a starting point to stimulate further irrigated agricultural expansion in central Mozambique, dubbed the PIAD approach (Participatory Irrigated Agricultural Development). The approach was documented through field diaries, participatory monitoring and evaluation. This article presents an analysis and reflection on the design process. Amongst other things, it shows that a crucial difference is the division of roles between users, contractors and irrigation engineers, both in terms of division of responsibilities and in understanding the interdisciplinary connections of irrigated agricultural production. The approach allowed users to be kept in the driver’s seat of development while going beyond improving irrigation infrastructure, including agronomic and institutional interventions. Additionally, the results show that technologies are being sustained by their users and copied by farmers in neighboring areas. We conclude that the approach allows for active investment by the users, both in design as well as in project costs and labor, which later results in the improvements being maintained and copied, a clear marker of sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: farmer-led irrigation; development; design approach; sustainability; Central Mozambique farmer-led irrigation; development; design approach; sustainability; Central Mozambique

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Beekman, W.; Veldwisch, G.J. Supporting Farmer-Led Irrigation in Mozambique: Reflections on Field-Testing a New Design Approach. Sustainability 2016, 8, 580.

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