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Sustainability 2016, 8(5), 475;

An Integrated Approach to “Sustainable Community-Based Tourism”

Department of Recreation, Park & Tourism Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ian Patterson
Received: 21 February 2016 / Revised: 17 April 2016 / Accepted: 4 May 2016 / Published: 13 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Management in Tourism and Hospitality)
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Two rich knowledge domains have been evolving along parallel pathways in tourism studies: sustainable tourism (ST) and community-based tourism (CBT). Within both lie diverse definitions, principles, criteria, critical success factors and benefits sought or outcomes desired, advocated by different stakeholders ranging from quasi-governmental and non-profit organizations to public-private sector and academic interests. This poses significant challenges to those interested in theory building, research and practice in the sustainable development and management of tourism. The paper builds on a previous article published in Sustainability by presenting an integrated framework based on a comprehensive, in-depth review and analysis of the tourism-related literature. The study reveals not just common ground and differences that might be anticipated, but also important sustainability dimensions that are lagging or require much greater attention, such as equity, justice, ethical and governance issues. A preliminary framework of “sustainable community-based tourism” (SCBT) is forwarded that attempts to bridge the disparate literature on ST and CBT. Critical directions forward are offered to progress research and sustainability-oriented practices towards more effective development and management of tourism in the 21st century. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable tourism; community-based tourism; principles; governance; justice; equity; ethics; tourism development; tourism management sustainable tourism; community-based tourism; principles; governance; justice; equity; ethics; tourism development; tourism management

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Dangi, T.B.; Jamal, T. An Integrated Approach to “Sustainable Community-Based Tourism”. Sustainability 2016, 8, 475.

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