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Sustainability 2016, 8(3), 285;

Paradise Islands? Island States and Environmental Performance

Department of Political Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg 40530, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas A. Trabold
Received: 23 October 2015 / Revised: 10 March 2016 / Accepted: 16 March 2016 / Published: 19 March 2016
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Island states have been shown to outperform continental states on a number of large-scale coordination-related outcomes, such as levels of democracy and institutional quality. The argument developed and tested in this article contends that the same kind of logic may apply to islands’ environmental performance, too. However, the empirical analysis shows mixed results. Among the 105 environmental outcomes that we analyzed, being an island only has a positive impact on 20 of them. For example, island states tend to outcompete continental states with respect to several indicators related to water quality but not in aspects related to biodiversity, protected areas, or environmental regulations. In addition, the causal factors previously suggested to make islands outperform continental states in terms of coordination have weak explanatory power in predicting islands’ environmental performance. We conclude the paper by discussing how these interesting findings can be further explored. View Full-Text
Keywords: island states; environmental performance; democracy; institutional quality island states; environmental performance; democracy; institutional quality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Jagers, S.C.; Povitkina, M.; Sjöstedt, M.; Sundström, A. Paradise Islands? Island States and Environmental Performance. Sustainability 2016, 8, 285.

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