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Tourism and Sustainability in the Evaluation of World Heritage Sites, 1980–2010
Open AccessArticle

World Heritage Site Designation Impacts on a Historic Village: A Case Study on Residents’ Perceptions of Hahoe Village (Korea)

Department of Traditional Landscape Architecture, Korea National University of Cultural Heritage, 367 Baekjemun-ro, Gyuam-myeon, Buyeo-gun, Chungcheongnam-do 33115, Korea
Academic Editor: Victor T. King
Sustainability 2016, 8(3), 258; https://doi.org/10.3390/su8030258
Received: 28 January 2016 / Revised: 29 February 2016 / Accepted: 4 March 2016 / Published: 10 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability of Cultural and Natural Heritage)
This study examines the relationship between World Heritage Site (WHS) designation and the community sustainability of a historic village, focusing on Hahoe Village, Korea, which was inscribed in 2010. It examines residents’ perceptions of increasing tourism at Hahoe Village by adopting a questionnaire and using an interview as research methods. This study examined both the positive and negative impacts that Hahoe Village’s WHS designation has had on its sustainability. Of all of the impacts examined in this research, the three most noteworthy issues are identified: (1) the acceleration of the change of the village’s industrial base and the influx of strangers; (2) the degradation of quality of life (in the physical aspects) caused by increasing tourism; and (3) the collision predicated by the tension between conserving the village’s historic environments and developing tourism. In conclusion, the WHS designation impacts on Hahoe Village, which local residents perceived, have both positive and negative aspects. WHS designation needs to be accompanied by a management plan that is more concerned about the impact from tourism after the designation. In this context, Hahoe Village must not only have a comprehensive preservation plan that balances with the demand for tourism development, but also secure the village’s community sustainability as a living place other than a tourist destination. View Full-Text
Keywords: heritage tourism; historic village; residents’ perception; community sustainability; sustainable management; tourism development; World Heritage Site heritage tourism; historic village; residents’ perception; community sustainability; sustainable management; tourism development; World Heritage Site
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Kim, S. World Heritage Site Designation Impacts on a Historic Village: A Case Study on Residents’ Perceptions of Hahoe Village (Korea). Sustainability 2016, 8, 258.

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