Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Does the Sustainable PPI Investments Promote Financial Market’s Sustainable Development?
Previous Article in Journal
Studies on Charges for Sea Area Utilization Management and Its Effect on the Sustainable Development of Marine Economy in Guangdong Province, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Multi-Layered Capital Subsidy Policy for the PV Industry in China Considering Regional Differences
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2016, 8(2), 121;

Regional Convergence and Sustainable Development in China

Collaborative Innovation Center for Peaceful Development of Cross-Strait Relations, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
China Center for Energy Economics Research, School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Collaborative Innovation Center for Energy Economics and Energy Policy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yongrok Choi, Malin Song and Seunghwan Myeong
Received: 30 November 2015 / Revised: 5 January 2016 / Accepted: 21 January 2016 / Published: 28 January 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [225 KB, uploaded 28 January 2016]


Based on the convergence theory of economic growth, this paper extends this concept to the human development index and carries out an empirical analysis of regional development in China between 1997 and 2006. Our research shows that the conditional convergence has been identified. Investment in fixed assets, government expenditure on education, health and infrastructure construction have positive effects on regional convergence of social development. Population weighted analysis of human development index provides support for weak convergence amongst provinces. Analysis of dynamics of regional distribution reveals the club convergence, which indicate two different convergence states. Central China is in the shade and lags behind, giving rise to the so-called “central downfall”. To solve this problem, the “Rise of Central China” Plan is necessary to promote the connection between coastal and inland regions of China and reduce the regional development gap. View Full-Text
Keywords: social development; human development index; convergence; inequality social development; human development index; convergence; inequality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, F.; Pan, S.; Yao, X. Regional Convergence and Sustainable Development in China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 121.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top