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Linear Parks along Urban Rivers: Perceptions of Thermal Comfort and Climate Change Adaptation in Cyprus

1
The Cyprus Institute, Energy, Environment and Water Research Center, 20 Konstantinou Kavafi Street, Nicosia 2121, Cyprus
2
Faculty of Early Childhood Education, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 13α Navarinou Street, Athens 10680, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Davide Geneletti
Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 1023; https://doi.org/10.3390/su8101023
Received: 2 August 2016 / Revised: 25 September 2016 / Accepted: 9 October 2016 / Published: 17 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nature-Based Solutions for Urban Challenges)
The development of green space along urban rivers could mitigate urban heat island effects, enhance the physical and mental well-being of city dwellers, and improve flood resilience. A linear park has been recently created along the ephemeral Pedieos River in the urban area of Nicosia, Cyprus. Questionnaire surveys and micrometeorological measurements were conducted to explore people’s perceptions and satisfaction regarding the services of the urban park. People’s main reasons to visit the park were physical activity and exercise (67%), nature (13%), and cooling (4%). The micrometeorological measurements in and near the park revealed a relatively low cooling effect (0.5 °C) of the park. However, the majority of the visitors (84%) were satisfied or very satisfied with the cooling effect of the park. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the odds of individuals feeling very comfortable under a projected 3 °C future increase in temperature would be 0.34 times lower than the odds of feeling less comfortable. The discrepancies between the observed thermal comfort index and people’s perceptions revealed that people in semi-arid environments are adapted to the hot climatic conditions; 63% of the park visitors did not feel uncomfortable at temperatures between 27 °C and 37 °C. Further research is needed to assess other key ecosystems services of this urban green river corridor, such as flood protection, air quality regulation, and biodiversity conservation, to contribute to integrated climate change adaptation planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: nature-based solutions; linear parks; urban rivers; thermal comfort; urban heat island; micrometeorological measurements; field surveys; ordered logit model; urban planning nature-based solutions; linear parks; urban rivers; thermal comfort; urban heat island; micrometeorological measurements; field surveys; ordered logit model; urban planning
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Giannakis, E.; Bruggeman, A.; Poulou, D.; Zoumides, C.; Eliades, M. Linear Parks along Urban Rivers: Perceptions of Thermal Comfort and Climate Change Adaptation in Cyprus. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1023.

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