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REDD+ and Institutions

Department of International Economics, University of Lodz, P.O.W. 3/5, Lodz 90-255, Poland
Department of Theory and Analyses of Economic Systems, University of Lodz, Rewolucji 1905 r. 41, Lodz 90-214, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Sustainability 2015, 7(8), 10250-10263;
Received: 6 May 2015 / Revised: 27 July 2015 / Accepted: 28 July 2015 / Published: 31 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
This paper investigates the relationship between payments made under the REDD+ umbrella (Reducing Emissions from Forest Degradation and Deforestation plus conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks) and the quality of institutions in countries that are expected to receive these payments. Using scatter plots and simple correlation analysis, we can see that countries receiving the most significant REDD+ payments (at least in relative terms) have the poorest quality of institutions. Although the REDD+ concept has evolved significantly since a similar analysis was carried out by Ebeling and Yasué in 2008, the institutional problems have remained equally important. This is also in line with the recently formulated “ecosystem service curse” and “REDD paradox” hypotheses, whereby payments for ecosystem services (including those offered within REDD+) might lead to socio-economic problems in recipient countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem service curse; institutions; payments for ecosystem services; UN-REDD; REDD+; REDD paradox ecosystem service curse; institutions; payments for ecosystem services; UN-REDD; REDD+; REDD paradox
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kronenberg, J.; Orligóra-Sankowska, E.; Czembrowski, P. REDD+ and Institutions. Sustainability 2015, 7, 10250-10263.

AMA Style

Kronenberg J, Orligóra-Sankowska E, Czembrowski P. REDD+ and Institutions. Sustainability. 2015; 7(8):10250-10263.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kronenberg, Jakub, Ewa Orligóra-Sankowska, and Piotr Czembrowski. 2015. "REDD+ and Institutions" Sustainability 7, no. 8: 10250-10263.

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