Is South Korea’s Green Job Policy Sustainable?
AbstractSouth Korea’s green job policy was implemented in February 2008 as a part of low-carbon green growth policy, but has been discontinued at the present. The country’s actual energy and environmental consumption has continuously increased, and South Korean society has grown increasingly distant from sustainable development. The study constructs a theoretical framework centering on sustainable development and analyzes the process and contents of South Korea’s green job policy. We suggest four findings: First, in terms of ideology, the nation’s green job policy was based on green growth. Implemented as a strategy typical of developing countries, South Korea’s green growth was pursued as weak ecological modernization, relatively stressing economic growth and excluding citizens’ participation. Second, in terms of governance, the nation’s green job policy was led by the central government, thus nearly completely destroying existing legal and institutional infrastructures related to sustainable development. Third, South Korea’s green job policy was defined on the basis of a growth orientation and concentrated on the Four Major Rivers Restoration Project and the NPP project, both of which betrayed considerable problems from the perspective of sustainable development. Fourth, green jobs were created in traditional environmental protection and pollution reduction and therefore limited. View Full-Text
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Jung, Y.-M. Is South Korea’s Green Job Policy Sustainable? Sustainability 2015, 7, 8748-8767.
Jung Y-M. Is South Korea’s Green Job Policy Sustainable? Sustainability. 2015; 7(7):8748-8767.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jung, Yeon-Mi. 2015. "Is South Korea’s Green Job Policy Sustainable?" Sustainability 7, no. 7: 8748-8767.