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Open AccessArticle

Measuring Resilience to Natural Hazards: Towards Sustainable Hazard Mitigation

by Jae Heon Shim 1 and Chun-Il Kim 2,*
Department of Research and Development, Research Institute of Korea Appraisal Board, 291, Innovalley-ro, Dong-gu, Daegu Metropolitan City 701-870, Korea
M.I.T. Department of Urban Studies and Planning, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 9-238, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rafael D’Almeida Martins
Sustainability 2015, 7(10), 14153-14185;
Received: 29 April 2015 / Revised: 1 October 2015 / Accepted: 7 October 2015 / Published: 20 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability Strategies to Adapt to Climate Change)
Measuring resilience to natural hazards is a central issue in the hazard mitigation sciences. This paper applied a confirmatory factor methodology to operationalize the biophysical, built-environment, and socioeconomic resilience dimensions for local jurisdictions in large urban metropolitan areas in South Korea. Mapping the factor scores of the dimensions revealed great spatial variations. The factor covariances showed a trade-off relationship between natural infrastructure and human activities. A hierarchical cluster analysis was used to classify the localities into heterogeneous groups with respect to the identified resilience dimensions. Densely developed and affluent urban areas tend to lack biophysical resilience. Some local governments, sorted into the same groups, turn out to be located in different metropolitan areas. The spatial variation and inequality in the resilience dimensions suggest the necessity of integrated and flexible governance for sustainable hazard mitigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural hazards; resilience; vulnerability; confirmatory factor analysis natural hazards; resilience; vulnerability; confirmatory factor analysis
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Shim, J.H.; Kim, C.-I. Measuring Resilience to Natural Hazards: Towards Sustainable Hazard Mitigation. Sustainability 2015, 7, 14153-14185.

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