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Open AccessArticle

Spatio-Temporal Changes and Their Reasons to the Geopolitical Influence of China and the US in South Asia

by Shufang Wang 1,2, Yuan Cao 1 and Yuejing Ge 1,*
1
School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2015, 7(1), 1064-1080; https://doi.org/10.3390/su7011064
Received: 15 September 2014 / Revised: 8 January 2015 / Accepted: 12 January 2015 / Published: 20 January 2015
The current international society has entered an era of large-scale power transfer. Government interests have gradually transferred from national strength to national influence. As such, how to quantitatively present the fuzzy geopolitical influence (i.e., geo-influence) has attracted greater attention from scholars. The proposed concept of geo-influence conforms to this trend of power structure change in international relations, and provides a reference for national sustainable development on the international stage. This study sets up an index system and a mathematical model of geopolitical influence, and explores the spatio-temporal changes of the geo-influence of China and the United States (US) in South Asia over the past decade. Three primary results are found as follows: (1) In general, the geo-influence of China and the US in South Asia increased between 2003 and 2012. In terms of growth rate, the geo-influence of China in South Asia grew much faster than that of the US; (2) The overall strength and geo-influence show non-linear relationships. Strong national overall strength does not necessarily mean that one country has the strongest geo-influence; (3) National geo-influence is inversely proportional to the friction of distance. The larger the friction of distance is, the smaller national geo-potential is, and vice versa. View Full-Text
Keywords: geopolitical influence; spatio-temporal changes; China; the US; South Asia geopolitical influence; spatio-temporal changes; China; the US; South Asia
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Wang, S.; Cao, Y.; Ge, Y. Spatio-Temporal Changes and Their Reasons to the Geopolitical Influence of China and the US in South Asia. Sustainability 2015, 7, 1064-1080.

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