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Sustainability 2014, 6(2), 702-717;

Energy Consumption and Energy Efficiency of the Transportation Sector in Shanghai

1, 2 and 3,*
Research Center of Statistics for Management, Anhui University of Finance & Economics, Anhui 233030, China
School of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University, 1-6-1 Nishiwaseda Shinju-ku, Tokyo, Japan
National Innovative Institute for Public Management and Public Policy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2013 / Revised: 24 January 2014 / Accepted: 26 January 2014 / Published: 10 February 2014
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This article investigates changes in the transportation sector in Shanghai between 2000 and 2010 and the implications of this on transportation energy consumption and energy efficiency. The results show that from 2000 to 2010: (1) the traffic energy consumption increased from 597.96 million tons of carbon to 2070.22 million tons of carbon, with an average annual growth rate of 13.49%, and oil met 94.49% of this energy demand by 2010; (2) among present transportation modes, waterway transportation accounts for over 50% of the energy consumption within the transportation sector (on the dominant transportation modes for Shanghai residents, private car use accounted for the largest proportion of energy consumption, whereas rail transportation accounted for the smallest proportion of energy consumption); (3) the energy consumption per unit conversion traffic volume had an upward trend, whereas the energy consumption per unit output value showed a declining trend. Across the study period, the energy consumption elasticity coefficient is 0.94 on average, indicating that the change rate of energy consumption has lagged behind that of economic growth. Correspondingly, some recommendations for energy policy were presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: transportation industry; energy consumption; elasticity coefficient transportation industry; energy consumption; elasticity coefficient

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Song, M.; Wu, N.; Wu, K. Energy Consumption and Energy Efficiency of the Transportation Sector in Shanghai. Sustainability 2014, 6, 702-717.

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