Next Article in Journal
Spatial Distribution of Migration and Economic Development: A Case Study of Sichuan Province, China
Next Article in Special Issue
Examining the Impact of Greenspace Patterns on Land Surface Temperature by Coupling LiDAR Data with a CFD Model
Previous Article in Journal
Density, the Sustainability Multiplier: Some Myths and Truths with Application to Perth, Australia
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2014, 6(10), 6488-6508;

Urban Land Pattern Impacts on Floods in a New District of China

State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 73 East Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2014 / Revised: 15 August 2014 / Accepted: 5 September 2014 / Published: 26 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape and Sustainability)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2968 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  


Urban floods are linked to patterns of land use, specifically urban sprawl. Since the 1980s, government-led new districts are sweeping across China, which account for many of the floods events. Focuses of urbanization impact on floods are extending gradually from hydraulic channels, to imperviousness ratio, to imperviousness pattern in urban areas or urbanized basins. Thus, the paper aims to explore how urban land pattern can affect floods in urban areas to provide decision makers with guidance on land use and stormwater management. Imperviousness was generally correlated with spatial variations in land use, with lower imperviousness in less dense, new districts, and higher imperviousness in more dense, uniform/clustered development in local areas adjacent to hot nodes. The way imperviousness and channel are organized, and the location of imperviousness within a catchment, can influence floods. Local government’s approach to new district planning, in terms of zoning provisions, has only considered some development aspects and has not adequately integrated flood management. A key issue for the planning should been done to adequately cater for flooding, particularly considering the benefits of keeping natural conveyance systems (rivers) and their floodplains to manage flood waters. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban land pattern; catchment; imperviousness; channel; floods; new district of China urban land pattern; catchment; imperviousness; channel; floods; new district of China

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Su, W.; Ye, G.; Yao, S.; Yang, G. Urban Land Pattern Impacts on Floods in a New District of China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6488-6508.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top