Next Article in Journal
Discursive Overlap and Conflictive Fragmentation of Risk and Security in the Geopolitics of Energy
Next Article in Special Issue
Global Insights Based on the Multidimensional Energy Poverty Index (MEPI)
Previous Article in Journal
The Impacts of Spatial Planning on Degrowth
Previous Article in Special Issue
Focal Areas for Measuring the Human Well-Being Impacts of a Conservation Initiative
Open AccessArticle

Can We Model the Scenic Beauty of an Alpine Landscape?

1
Institute for Alpine Environment, EURAC research, Viale Druso 1, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
2
Institute of Ecology, University of Innsbruck, Sternwartestr. 15, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2013, 5(3), 1080-1094; https://doi.org/10.3390/su5031080
Received: 20 December 2012 / Accepted: 22 February 2013 / Published: 7 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measuring Socio-Economic Well-Being)
During the last decade, agriculture has lost its importance in many European mountain regions and tourism, which benefits from attractive landscapes, has become a major source of income. Changes in landscape patterns and elements might affect scenic beauty and therefore the socio-economic welfare of a region. Our study aimed at modeling scenic beauty by quantifying the influence of landscape elements and patterns in relationship to distance. Focusing on Alpine landscapes in South and North Tyrol, we used a photographic questionnaire showing different landscape compositions. As mountain landscapes offer long vistas, we related scenic beauty to different distance zones. Our results indicate that the near zone contributes by 64% to the valuation of scenic beauty, the middle zone by 22%, and the far zone by 14%. In contrast to artificial elements, naturalness and diversity increased scenic beauty. Significant differences between different social groups (origin, age, gender, cultural background) occurred only between the local population and tourists regarding great landscape changes. Changes towards more homogenous landscapes were perceived negatively, thus political decision makers should support the conservation of the cultural landscape. View Full-Text
Keywords: distance zones; landscape composition; landscape diversity; regional development; scenic beauty; socio-demographic groups distance zones; landscape composition; landscape diversity; regional development; scenic beauty; socio-demographic groups
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Schirpke, U.; Hölzler, S.; Leitinger, G.; Bacher, M.; Tappeiner, U.; Tasser, E. Can We Model the Scenic Beauty of an Alpine Landscape? Sustainability 2013, 5, 1080-1094.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop