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T21-Ohio, a System Dynamics Approach to Policy Assessment for Sustainable Development: A Waste to Profit Case Study

Center for Resilience, The Ohio State University, 211 Baker Systems, 1971 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Millennium Institute, 2111 Wilson Blvd, Suite 750, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2010, 2(9), 2814-2832;
Received: 6 August 2010 / Revised: 28 August 2010 / Accepted: 29 August 2010 / Published: 6 September 2010
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A new system dynamics tool, T21-Ohio, was developed to support integrated and comprehensive development planning at the state level. Based on the Threshold 21 (T21) framework, T21-Ohio provides insights into the potential impacts of energy and environmental policies across a wide range of sectors, and reveals how different strategies interact with one another to achieve planned goals and objectives. This paper shows how T21-Ohio was used to model the broader social, economic and environmental impacts of “waste to profit” activities in Ohio, such as recycling, electricity generation from waste, and bio-fuel production. Three alternative scenarios were simulated to evaluate the impacts of biomass co-firing, government stimulus for solid waste recycling, and by-product synergy activities. The results of the three scenario analyses indicate significant potential for economic development and creation of jobs while reducing emissions and waste. View Full-Text
Keywords: system dynamics; sustainable development; waste reduction policies system dynamics; sustainable development; waste reduction policies

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Cimren, E.; Bassi, A.; Fiksel, J. T21-Ohio, a System Dynamics Approach to Policy Assessment for Sustainable Development: A Waste to Profit Case Study. Sustainability 2010, 2, 2814-2832.

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