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Article

When Digital Mass Participation Meets Citizen Deliberation: Combining Mini- and Maxi-Publics in Climate Policy-Making

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Multi Actor Systems, Delft University of Technology, 2628 Delft, The Netherlands
2
Department of Engineering Systems & Services, Delft University of Technology, 2628 Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Franklin G. Mixon and Haywantee Ramkissoon
Sustainability 2022, 14(8), 4656; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084656
Received: 1 March 2022 / Revised: 24 March 2022 / Accepted: 6 April 2022 / Published: 13 April 2022
The upcoming vogue of climate assemblies and other forms of mini-publics are to give citizens a central role in climate policy-making and to break the political impasse. Yet climate mini-publics face challenges in political environments too, such as co-option, favoring expert opinions, and losing touch with the broader public. To remedy such pitfalls, recent papers have argued to combine synchronous deliberations of small groups of citizens with online participation procedures for the larger public. In this article, we report the results of a three-step combination model, where first a mini-public in the region of Súdwest-Fryslân (NL) was given a “carte blanche” to draft the content and the parameters of several related policy alternatives. Second, their proposals were fed into a digital participation tool to consult the wider public. Third, a citizens forum translated the outcomes of the maxi-public into policy recommendations, which were unanimously approved by the municipal council. In this paper, we report our findings of combining mini- and maxi-publics and how the actors involved evaluated the strengths and weaknesses of the combination of these two participatory approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: public participation; digital deliberation; mini-publics; maxi-publics; climate assembly; participatory value evaluation public participation; digital deliberation; mini-publics; maxi-publics; climate assembly; participatory value evaluation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Itten, A.; Mouter, N. When Digital Mass Participation Meets Citizen Deliberation: Combining Mini- and Maxi-Publics in Climate Policy-Making. Sustainability 2022, 14, 4656. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084656

AMA Style

Itten A, Mouter N. When Digital Mass Participation Meets Citizen Deliberation: Combining Mini- and Maxi-Publics in Climate Policy-Making. Sustainability. 2022; 14(8):4656. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084656

Chicago/Turabian Style

Itten, Anatol, and Niek Mouter. 2022. "When Digital Mass Participation Meets Citizen Deliberation: Combining Mini- and Maxi-Publics in Climate Policy-Making" Sustainability 14, no. 8: 4656. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084656

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