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Article

How Comprehensive Innovation Reform Pilot Improve Urban Green Innovation Efficiency?—Evidence from China

by 1, 2, 1 and 3,4,*
1
School of Government, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Department of Geography, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
3
Postdoctoral Research Station, Hua Xia Bank Co., Ltd., Beijing 100005, China
4
Postdoctoral Research Station of School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Edwin H.W. Chan
Sustainability 2022, 14(8), 4550; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084550
Received: 26 February 2022 / Revised: 3 April 2022 / Accepted: 8 April 2022 / Published: 11 April 2022
Innovation policy is important to sustainable development. However, few scholars have paid attention to the impact of Comprehensive Innovation Reform Pilot (CIRP) Zone Policy on urban green innovation efficiency. To fill this gap, this paper uses difference-in-differences and robustness tests to explore the impact of CIRP on urban Green Innovation Efficiency (GIE) in 275 cities in China from 2008 to 2017. The impacts are investigated in terms of the innovation-driven effect, talent cluster effect, and market effect. The results show that: (1) the impact of CIRP on the GIE of pilot cities significantly increased by 12% from 2008 to 2017, indicating that the innovation policy for sustainable development has an important positive effect on urban green innovation; (2) CIRP has improved the overall innovation level and talent cluster, accelerated the marketization process, and promoted the GIE of the pilot cities; and (3) the analysis of urban heterogeneity showed that CIRP has a greater impact on GIE in central cities in China than in western and eastern cities. The impact on GIE in low-administrative-level cities is greater than in high-administrative-level cities. It is suggested that the government takes the lead in green innovation and improves the talent introduction measures and green financial services. Achieving green innovation and development is the common goal of many countries around the world. The research results provide implications about introducing innovative policies for sustainable development in other countries and regions, especially developing countries that face the dilemma between economic growth and environmental protection. View Full-Text
Keywords: comprehensive innovation reform; green innovation efficiency; difference-in-difference; Chinese cities comprehensive innovation reform; green innovation efficiency; difference-in-difference; Chinese cities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, T.; Li, Z.; Zhang, C.; Xia, Q. How Comprehensive Innovation Reform Pilot Improve Urban Green Innovation Efficiency?—Evidence from China. Sustainability 2022, 14, 4550. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084550

AMA Style

Liu T, Li Z, Zhang C, Xia Q. How Comprehensive Innovation Reform Pilot Improve Urban Green Innovation Efficiency?—Evidence from China. Sustainability. 2022; 14(8):4550. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084550

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Tengfei, Zhiying Li, Can Zhang, and Qiu Xia. 2022. "How Comprehensive Innovation Reform Pilot Improve Urban Green Innovation Efficiency?—Evidence from China" Sustainability 14, no. 8: 4550. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084550

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