With growing concern about environmental pollution and occupational safety in construction industry globally, prefabricated building has become a popular building model in sustainable society. In China, management specifications of prefabricated buildings are far from mature, and safety accidents occur frequently in construction. In order to comprehensively analyze risks in hoisting construction of prefabricated buildings, this study, in view of characteristics of hoisting construction process and correlations in complex system, summarizes risk factors and classifies them according to Wuli-Shili-Renli (WSR) system. From perspective of multiple correlations, evolution mechanism of multi-system correlation and multi-risk correlation is carried out, so as to explore risk probability of hoisting construction of prefabricated buildings. At the same time, this study extends Two Additive Choquet Integral (TACI) operator and Decision-making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) in dynamic stochastic environment to construct a two-stage model for risk probability research of hoisting construction, hoping to profoundly reveal influence of risk factors and their dynamic evolution. The results show that: (1) risk probability presented a seasonal, dynamic change trend, which meant rising first, then falling, and finally keeping rising, thus regular inspection and dynamic monitoring are required in hoisting construction in these regions in the first three quarters. (2) the influence of each risk factor demonstrated dynamic changes, and risk sources that need to prevent and defuse at different time points are varied, thus targeted measures catering to different risk sources are required. (3) the degree of risk controllability is in dynamic change, but classification of cause or result in the region at the period remains the same, thus necessitating targeted response measures aimed at various risk types. (4) Individual risks like hoisting job climated break out periodically, so the law of risk occurrence should be mastered and relative precautionary measures should be taken in advance.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.