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Article

Towards a More Socially Sustainable Advanced Pilot Training by Integrating Wearable Augmented Reality Devices

1
Institute of Engineering and Business Informatics, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
2
Aviation Academy Simulation GmbH, 2700 Wiener Neustadt, Austria
3
Aviation Academy Austria GmbH, 7100 Neusiedl am See, Austria
4
Institute of Mechanics, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Diego Vergara
Sustainability 2022, 14(4), 2220; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042220
Received: 21 December 2021 / Revised: 3 February 2022 / Accepted: 4 February 2022 / Published: 15 February 2022
For flying all types of turbine-engine airplanes, a pilot must undergo an intense type rating (TR) course. This study investigated the learning conditions and TR course content, and specifies the most difficult course elements that could be tackled by augmented reality (AR) applications. Because women are underrepresented in the worldwide pilot population, it is important to address gender-specific preferences and needs in the development of AR-based wearable technologies for advanced pilot training. A gender-sensitive survey of the learning conditions and course contents was conducted with 31 pilots and 22 instructors. Despite many similarities, the results confirm that there are gender-specific needs and preferences for the development of future AR-based applications for TR training. In addition, the views of both pilots’ and instructors’ are required to obtain a comprehensive assessment of the learning contents and conditions related to TR. The results also show that time pressure increased the perceived difficulty of the course for some trainees. These results are important because they indicate the directions to be taken in developing future AR-based training applications for a more learner-centered and inclusive TR training. Future directions to foster a socially sustainable development of AR-based training means for TR with special focus on gender diversity are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: augmented reality; advanced pilot training; sustainability; pilot; gender diversity; wearable devices; aviation; education augmented reality; advanced pilot training; sustainability; pilot; gender diversity; wearable devices; aviation; education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moesl, B.; Schaffernak, H.; Vorraber, W.; Holy, M.; Herrele, T.; Braunstingl, R.; Koglbauer, I.V. Towards a More Socially Sustainable Advanced Pilot Training by Integrating Wearable Augmented Reality Devices. Sustainability 2022, 14, 2220. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042220

AMA Style

Moesl B, Schaffernak H, Vorraber W, Holy M, Herrele T, Braunstingl R, Koglbauer IV. Towards a More Socially Sustainable Advanced Pilot Training by Integrating Wearable Augmented Reality Devices. Sustainability. 2022; 14(4):2220. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042220

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moesl, Birgit, Harald Schaffernak, Wolfgang Vorraber, Michael Holy, Thomas Herrele, Reinhard Braunstingl, and Ioana V. Koglbauer. 2022. "Towards a More Socially Sustainable Advanced Pilot Training by Integrating Wearable Augmented Reality Devices" Sustainability 14, no. 4: 2220. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042220

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